Ahmadu Bello University Zaria Institute Of Education

Ahmadu Bello University Zaria Institue Of Education
Ahmadu Bello University

The National Certificate in Education (NCE) by correspondence course was established in 1976 as a unit within the division of Teacher Education. In 1981, it became a full division of the Institute of Education.

Its central aim is to upgrade II teachers in the primary schools to the NCE (primary education) level. Its mode of operation is correspondence in addition to an annual 10-week residential study. At present, it has over 4,000 students from mainly the Northern states of Nigeria. It uses two campuses – Zaria and Kano, for its contact sessions. The correspondence courses incorporate students assessment exercises and Teacher marked assignment (TMA) which are sent back to the headquarters for marking by course tutors.
Other programmes at A.B.U which employ distance teaching strategies include the Teacher-in Service Education Programme (TISEP) of the Teacher Education Department which was designed to upgrade under-qualified or unqualified primary school teachers to T.C II (now defunct) level particularly in Mathematics and Science. There is also the distance teaching department in the Centre for Adult Education and the distance Education Unit of Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services.

Origin Of African Literature Oral Tradition As Key

The phrase African literature in this context means literature about Africa written by Africans. This difinition includes Chinue Achebe’s Things Fall Apart and excludes Joyce Cary’s Mr. Johnson. Secondary, the phrase “Oral Tradition” refers to those aspects of human knowledge, cultural practices and activities about Africans which have been handed down and are still being handed down from one generation to another orally.

Here I’m interested in the part of oral tradition connected with literature. Oral literature in Africa is as old as the existence of man. Indead some critics consider it as the authentic literature of Africa because it’s rendered in original version in vernacular languages. Various forms of oral literature whether sung, spoken or acted are usually stripped of their other emblishments like gestures, eye-movements, and rhythms as well as the artist’s special ways of rendering a piece. In spite of the fallibility of human memory various forms of Africa’s oral literature have survived side by side with the written repertoire and are today still entrenched in our rural communities.

No discussion of the beginning nf written African literature can be complete without reference to its oral antecedents. The blooming tree today has its roots in oral forms. The oral forms can be put into a category that sung, spoken and acted.

Each version formed the foundation stone of different genres of modern African literature namely poetry, prose and drama. Let’s look at the various of genres of literature briefly.

Oral literature is a free literature because it belongs to the community and has no specific authors. This characteristic makes it common property for use by our African authors. Consequently, we find various aspects of oral literature used by African writers, without acknowledgment. Chinua Achebe, for instance, has used proverbs profusely in his novels and short. He has a total of 129 proverbs in Arrow of God alone!

Students do something now? JAMB,WAEC,NECO and others

JAMB, students do something! A must read article – Read and broadcast till it gets to Mr. President Goodluck
Jamb withheld over 80 thousand results – for what? Many due to lack of biometric verification – What about the centers Jamb never provided with biometric machine ?

Who is at fault JAMB or the candidate?

What about the centers where the invigilators asked the candidates not to be verified because of time wasting? Who is to be blamed ? What about the center where network was the challenge? who is at fault ?What about those candidates who did verification, Where is their result? What will happen to the 1.2 million that won’t get admission? What is their fate ?should they leave their educationWhat will happen to the 4 thousand naira or more each of this 80 thousand candidates paid? Why has Jamb not made any official statement on this issue?
What is the Federal Government doing about this?When will these results be released or when will the candidates come for there biometric verification?
Who is going to give an answer to all of this questions? When will Nigeria be a better place ? Nigeria is yet to be developed yet they do things of a developed country – poor electricity yet they come up with biometric machines that needs the use of electricity, Bad network communication yet they want to do biometric verification which requires network- what about does that wrote exams in villages ? Did u build any network coverage? Jamb should be sued to court for refusing to verify its candidates and thereby refusing to release their result — Goodluck Ebele Jonathan all this things happening in your regime – this is not boko haram issue so you should tackle it.

culled from Jamb helper on facebook.

If you are a student who is passionate to see 9ja Educational system change like 9jacampus on facebook as the page is constantly updated with social contacts of High ranking/ stakeholders in Nigerian education, including Mr. President. Like and let your voice be heared remember only students can change our education. Students do something now!

What every JAMB candidates needs to know

So now you have scaled the huddle, and you believe you’ll pass, or you are a newbie who is seriously considering taking JAMB in the near future. Whatever you may be, whichever category you might find yourself you still need to know what every JAMB candidates needs to know about JAMB before entering campus or university

what do JAMB candidates need to know?

1. Their mode of marking. Many rumors are abound that JAMB has changed their mode of marking, that is to say if a candidate leaves his/her paper type given in the question paper and shade another paper type, they will mark it wrong. Ex. Paper type A is given to Iyke in his question paper on Maths and he leaves it and shades answers to paper B on maths.

What if you or any other JAMB candidate happens to among?

The goodnews, be rest assured JAMB has not changed their mode of marking, come to think of it, on a candidates question paper is their any where their names or center numbers are written? No, so dont fret.

Ask yourself.

On my question paper is their anywhere my names and center numbers are written?was their any incident where their was a shortage of JAMB question paper, and some candidate are told to share with others? Or collect from some one?
2. Nigerian Federal Universities admits only first choice candidates. This is the in-tin now, infact some people has it that Federal universities only admit candidates who picked their school as their first choice, in view of too many candidates and very few universities and the admin quota factors.

what about does who picked Federal universities as their second choice?

The goodnews, yes it is possible for a candidate to get admitted to a university he picked as second choice. It is also possible for a candidate to get double admission, that is both first choice and second choice.

ask yourself.

What if I get 260 in JAMB and I picked E. Enginerring as course and I scored 75-80percent in post utme, PUME out of 100percent I happened to choose the university as my second choice,will I get admitted?

Yes you will, infact some candidates has scored less and still got admitted, why not you? If they didn’t you have the right to sue them, or tell me.

3. Change of course and school. Every JAMB candidate knew that it is not possible to change course, university,college of education or poly in JAMB after the candidate must have written his or her exam. However their are some who may wish to change course or institution, because of many factors. It is now possible to change that, all you have to do is pay a little processing money directly to the people who will do it for you email me chimatim@gmail.com or com lets chat on 2go Timothy751,gtalk chimatim.

ReadJAMB and WAEC vs Nigerian students”

4. Post UTME/aptitude test questions. Despite the hitches experienced in obtaining past questions on Pume, we have finally obtained it. It will be made available soon.

Subscribe to be among the first to receive the PUME questions and like 9jacampus now! on facebook to stay updated on exams,campus and school things.

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Suggested Texts For Government JAMB

This are suggested text for Government in JAMB examination, it consist of the names of Authors, and the name of the books, including where and which companies published it. 1. Adigwe, F. Essentials of Government for West Africa, Ibadan: University press plc. 2. Anifowose, R and Enemuo, F. C. Elements of politics, Lagos, Malthouse press Limited. 3. Appodoraid, A. The substance of politics, London: Oxford University press. 4. Ball, A. R. Morden politics, and Government, London: Macmillan 5. Ikein, A. A. The impact of oil on a Developing Country; The case of Nigeria, Ibadan: Evans. 6. Ojiako, J. O. Nigeria Yesterday, today and_ ? Onitsha Africana Educational Publishers. 7. Olawale, J. B. New topics on Ordary Level Government, Ilesha; Jola publishing. 8. Omelewa, M. A certificate History of Nigeria, Ibadan: Longman. 9. Oyediran, O Nwosu, H. Takaya, B. Anifowoshe, R, Femi, B., Godwill, O. and Adigun, A, Government for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1, 2 and 3 Ibadan, Longman. 10. Oyeneye, I, Onyenwenu, M. and Olusunde, B. E, Round up Government for Senior Secondary school Certificate Examination: A complete Guide, Ibadan Longman. 11. Oyovbaire, S Oguna A. E. C., amucheazi, E. C., Coker, H. O. And Oshuntuyi, O. Countdown to Senior Secondary Certificate Examination: Government Ibadan: Evans. read JAMB syllabus for Government Click Here

What You Need To Know About Dating and Marriage a case study

Are you Dating already? Or want to marry? Or you are planning on
doing that? If so this is for you.
Dating is a form of courtship consisting of social activities done by
two persons with the aim of each assesing the other’s suitability as a
partner in an intimate relationship or as a spouse. While the term has
several senses, it usually refers to the act of meeting and engaging
in some mutually agreed upon social activity in public, together, as a
The protocols and practices of dating, and the terms used to describe
it, vary considerably from country to country. The most common sense
is two people trying out a relationship and exploring whether they’re
compatible by going out together in public as a couple, and may or may
not yet be having sexual relations, and this period of courtship is
sometimes seen as a precursor to engagement or marriage.
In the Middle Ages in Europe weddings were seen as business
arrangements between families, while romance was something that
happened outside of marriage discreetly, such as covert meetings. The
12th century book The Art of Courtly Love advised that ”True love can
have no place between husband and wife.” Clandestine meetings were
the precursors to today’s dating, according to one writer in The
Guardian. A few centuries ago, dating ” evolved out of courtship
ritual where young women entertained gentlemen callers, usually in the
home, under the watchful eye of a chaperone. Since about 1700,
however, according to professor David Christian of Macquarie
University in Australia, a new worldwide movement with the aim of
empowering individuals took hold, leading to the emancipation of women
and the equality of individuals. Men and women became more equal
politically, financially, socially in many nations. Women earned the
right to vote and own property and equal treatment by the law and
these changes had profound impacts on the relations between men and
women, including dating. Among young people, initally among the lower
classes, whose homes were often not suitable for entertaining, dating
in public places became more prominent, with the sense that a couple
would go out to a movie or dinner with the expectation that this might
ultimately lead to a relationship and marriage. Advice for women was
to often play hard to get. Traditional dating activities included
entertainment or a meal,and happened to most couples before their
marriage, between the teen aged years and early thirties; in 1851 in
Britain, the average age of people getting married was 24 and it
stayed there, dipping slightly in the 1950, before rising to te
current age of 24 according to wikipedia.
What about now?
Well for one we are living in a time full of different kinds of
technology, which has played a huge role in dating. Example the
telephone enabled dates to be arranged without fa ce-to-face contact,
the effects of the automobile on societies included extending the
range of dating as well as back seat sexual exploration. Also the
advent of birth control as well as safer procedures for abortion
changed the equation considerably, and there was less pressure to
marry as a means for satisfying sexual urges. New types of
relationship formed as a result of that, it was possible for people to
live together without marrying and without having to deal with
children. Today dates in Australia, USA, UK, and other countries are
arranged by text messaging!.
Any questions ask below

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JAMB Syllabus for Government for Candidates

This Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination UTME Sylabus on
Government has the aim of preparing JAMB candidates for the Board's
examination. It is also designed to test their achievement of the
objectives of the course in Government.
These objectives are to:
i. Appreciate the meaning of government,
ii. Analyse the framework and specify the institutions of government,
iii. Explain the concept of citizenship and define the duties and
obligations of a citizen,
iv. Appreciate the process of political development;
v. Evaluate the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria;
vi. Asses the role of Nigeria as a member of the international
community and workings of internal organizations.

1. Basic concepts of government:
Jamb candidates should be able to
i. Identify the fundamental concepts in governance;
ii. Analyse various political processes
2. Forms of Government:
Again candidates for JAMB should be able to
i. Distinguish between different forms of government.
3. Arms of Government:
Candidates should be able to
i. Identify the duties and obligations of the various arms of
government and their agencies;
ii. Relate each arm to its function.
4. Structures of Government:
Candidates should be able to:
i. Compare the various political structures of governance.
5. Systems of Governance:
Candidates should know the various systems of governance.
6. Political Ideologies:
JAMB candidates should be able to
i. Differentiate between the major politcal ideologies;
ii. Contrast modes of production
7. Constitution
i. Be able to compare the nature of constitutions.
ii. Identify the principles of democratic government;
iii. Determine the application of these principles.
Also candidates should know about Legislation, Citizenship, Electoral
Process, Party Systems, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion and the Civil
service. As this will come out under Part I.
JAMB candidates should be to compare pre-colonial systems of
governance, Imperialist penetration, Process of Decolonization, Post
independence Constitutio
ns, evaluate the operations of the arms of governent and their
agencies, Read about Public Commissions Established by the 1979 and
Subsequent Constitutions, Political parties in the Post independence
period, the structure and Workings of Nigerian Federalism, public
Corporation and parastatals, Local Government, and the military in
Nigerian politics.
JAMB candidates should be able to identify major objectives of
Nigerian foreign policy, relations with African countries, Nigeria in
International organizations.
In International organization Jamb candidates should be able to
identify international organizations such as ECOWAS, OAU,
Commonwealth, UNO, OPEC, and access the role of these organizations in
the world affairs.

Jamb tricks still on! Until 26th Apriel grab yours!

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When Should I Quit School?

Some students are just tired of going to school, some times they just wish they could quit. Here are some comment which you could relate to “sometimes I’d get so stressed out that I didn’t want to get out of bed. I’d think, ‘Why do I need to go to school and learn things that I’m never going to use?’ ” ”Many times I’ve been tired of school and just wanted to drop out and get a job. I’ve felt that school was doing me no good and that I would rather be getting paid for my time. Some may be because of too much homework! Others may be the issue of fitting in as a result of being all alone. Have you faced similar challenges? If so, what situation has made you want to quit school? Maybe you are now seriously planning on quitting. How, though, can you tell if you’re leaving because it’s time to do so or because you are just sick of school and want out? To answer that, let’s know what it means to quit school. Leaving or Quitting? How would you describe the difference between leaving school and quitting school? Did you know that in some countries it’s normal for a youth to graduate after between five and eight years of instruction? In other lands, students are expected to stay in school for at least ten years. So, there is no set age or grade that applies to everyone equally around the world. However, if you’re thinking of ending your school career before you graduate either regular school or school at home you need to ask yourself the following questions: 1. What does the law require? 2. Have I achieved my educational goals? 3. What are my motives for quitting school? It is when you have the answers for this question you’ll now have a clearer understanding of why school is important. What’s Wrong With Quitting School? Quitting school is like jumping off a train before you reach your destination. The train may be uncomfortable, and the passengers unfriendly. But if you leap from the train, you obviously will not reach your destination and will likely cause yourself serious injury. Similarly, if you quit school, you may not reach your educational goals and you will cause yourself both immediate and long term problems such as: getting a job. In the case of immediate problems, while long term problems may include, having poor health, ending up in prison, and rely on social welfare programs. Benefits of Not Quitting School If you’ve just failed a test or had a difficult day at school, you might want to give up, any future problems may seem insignificant compared with your present grind. But consider this inspired words ”Better is the end afterward of a matter than its beginning. Better is one who is patient than one who is haught in spirit.” So rather than quit, patiently work through the problems you face at school. If you do, you will find that the end afterward will be much better for you. So having said that students and soon to be what is it gonna be? Well answer that yourself.

Source Jw.org

How can Students talk to their parents?

As a Student going to school you might have found it hard speaking with your parents, but after reading this post in an under-tone you wont find talking to your parents difficult again. When you were younger, your parents were probably the first ones you ran to for advice. You told them any news, big or small. You freely expressed your thoughts and feelings, and you had confidence in their advice. Now, though, you might feel that your parents just can’t relate to you anymore. ” One evening during our school break I began to cry and pour out my feelings, ” says a student named Eve. ” My parents listened, but they didn’t seem to understand.” What was the result? ” I just went to my bedroom and cried some more!” she concludes. On the other hand, sometimes you might prefer not to open up to your parents. Some have talked to their parents about many subjects, yet they held back from telling them all. Is it wrong to keep some thoughts to yourself? Not necessarily as long as you’re not being deceitful. Nevertheless, whether your parents don’t seem to understand you or you are holding back, one thing is certain: You need to talk to your parents and they need to hear from you. KEEP ON TALKING! In some ways, communicating with your parents is like driving a car. If you encounter a roadblock, you don’t give up you simply find another route. Consider two instances. 1. You need to talk, but your parents don’t seem to be listening. ” I find it difficult to communicate with my father, ” says a student named Leah. ”Sometimes I’II talk to him for a while and then he’II say, ‘I m sorry, were you speaking to me? QUESTION: What if Leah really needs to discuss a problem? She has at least three options. Option A. Yell at her dad. Leah screams: ” come on, this is important! Listen! Option B. Stop talking to her dad. Leah simply gives up trying to talk about her problem. Option C. Wait for a better time and bring up the subject again. Leah speaks with her dad face to face later, or she writes him a letter about her problem. Which option do yo think Leah should choose? Which one should you choose? Let’s explore each option to see where it would likely lead. The student named Leah his dad is distracted and thus unaware of her frustration. So if Leah chooses Option A, her screaming might seem to come out of nowhere. This option probably won’t make Leah’s dad more receptive to her words, and it won’t show respect and honor for him. So this option leads to a no win situation. While Option B may be the easiet course to take, it’s not the wisest. Why? Because ” there is a frustrating of plans where there is no confidential talk.” To deal successfully with her problems, Leah needs to talk to her dad and if he’s going to be of any help, he needs to know what’s going on in her life. Ceasing to talk accomplishes neither. With Option C, however, Leah doesn’t let a roadblock become a dead end. Rather, she tries to discuss the subject another time. And if the student chooses to write her dad a letter, leah might feel better right away. Writing the letter may also help her to formulate exactly what she wants to say. Though with many technological gadget like cell phones, letter writing is now gradually becoming diminishing, if you need to talk you have to write it, when he reads the letter, he will learn what you are trying to tell him, which may help him to understand your plight better. Option C thus benefits both Leah and her dad. 2. Your parents want to talk, but you’d rather not. ”There’s nothing worse than being hit with questions immediately after a hard day at school, ” says another student name Micheal. ” I just want to forget about school, but right away my parents start asking: ‘ How was your day? Were there any problems?” No doubt Micheal’s parents ask such questions with the best of intentions. Still, he laments, ” It’s hard to talk about school when I’m tired and stressed. QUESTION: What can Micheal do in this situation? As with the previous example, she has at least three options. Option A. Refuse to talk. Micheal says: ” please, just leave me alone. I don’t want to talk right now! Option B. Go ahead and talk. Despite feelings stressed, Micheal begrudgingly answers her parents’ questions. Option C. Delay the ”school” talk but keep conversation going on another topic. Micheal suggests that they discuss school at another time, when he knows that he’II be in a better frame of mind. What Option would will choose, will it Option A or Option B or Option c? Option C should be chosen why? This option likely has the best chance of success because they would be looking out for one another’s interests, not just for their own. In summary? Choose your words carefully. Deliver them in a respectful tone of voice. Think of your parents as your allies, not your enemies. And let’s face it You need all the allies you can get if you are to cope with the challenges you have to deal with.